Acne and its treatment

Acne is the most common infection of the human skin. It mostly affects teenagers as they undergo hormonal changes during puberty to adulthood. It is driven by hormones, which become very active in the body during the teenage years. The sensitivity of the skin to such hormones coupled with fats in the glands and bacteria on the skin, cause acne. It starts mostly during puberty, but it also affects adults. Acne consists of several spots and bumps on the human skin; it is very obvious on the face, but also appears on the chest, back and shoulders.

Acne is mostly caused by blocked pores which usually appear as blackheads and whiteheads. When blocked pores are blocked, the hair breaks and the blocked and infected sebum cause spots. Inflammation may develop in nearby skin and bacteria called acne infects blocked sebum. Blocked sebum is the ideal place for the germ called acne to grow and multiply. This description is the main cause of acne but there are certain diseases in women, which may cause acne or even worsen it. These diseases cause other symptoms in addition to acne, which includes thinning of scalp hair, excessive body and facial hair, etc. Another major cause of acne is being exposed to chemicals in some specific place.

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Treatment of Acne

Only three drugs have been tested ok, to effectively treat acne and they are

  1. Benzoyl peroxide
  2. Retinoids
  3. Antibiotics

Acne usually goes away with time but this can take a very long time. The drugs listed above can be gotten over-the-counter. You may not see results immediately when you start taking these drugs, but with consistency, it would only get better. Mild acne consists of blackheads and whiteheads, for which treatments include the application of lotions that contain chemicals such as retinoids (vitamin A) or Benzoyl Peroxide. Lotions that contain either one of these or a combination of them can be used to treat mild or moderate acne.

Contraceptive pills which contain estrogen can also aid in clearing acne but this is only applicable to women. There are things that would also help treat acne effectively and this includes;

  1. Wash the skin (especially the face) regularly with soap that is mild on the skin. It is important that you do not scrub the skin very hard when washing any acne affected part.
  2. Wash the skin with antiseptics as this helps in cleaning the pores of the skin.
  3. Avoid making use of ointments or creams that are rich in oils as these may clog the holes in the skin.

If your acne is very severe, you may need to go the hospital to get special care and attention from a dermatologist.